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Management and protection of the exclusive economic zone of French Polynesia

COUR DES COMPTES

Defined by international law, the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of French Polynesia represents an area of more than 4.5 million km², around 118 islands divided into five archipelagos, where about 280,000 inhabitants live. For 25 years, the French State and the French Polynesia community have sought to develop and protect this area, a biological and mineral resource of global interest, which houses in particular the largest sanctuary of marine mammals and is therefore a major economic and environmental wealth.

To preserve and value this heritage asset, the community of French Polynesia and the State must act together, each within their sphere of competence. However, this cooperation and commitment is still insufficient to enable France, in particular, to fully meet its obligations to preserve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The management of the EEZ would thus benefit from a true strategic framework and a fully effective marine area, in order to build upon what is both a national resource and an element of the common heritage of humanity.

The Court makes a total of 10 recommendations to contribute to this.

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