The Adult Disability Allowance (AAH), introduced in 1975, is designed to provide a minimum income for individuals with disabilities who do not receive an income through employment. Entirely funded by the State, this minimum social benefit, consisting of a basic monthly payment of €900, is paid to over 1.1 million individuals, at a cost of €9.7 billion in 2018.
In terms of the population, the numbers of individuals receiving AAH have increased dramatically over the last ten years. The proportion of the state budget allocated to it has also increased rapidly: rising from 2.8% in 2007 to 4.5% in 2017, which represents an average annual increase of €400 million.
These two developments have led the Cour des comptes of France (France’s supreme audit institution) to review the mechanisms for allocating and renewing this benefit. By definition, this analysis is not concerned with the general policy on disability, nor can it take into consideration the personal hardships experienced and felt by disabled individuals and their families.