"The regional administration of the French Republic is performed by local authorities and by local state organisations": this principle, enshrined in the Law of 6 February 1992, underlines the paradoxical situation of local state organisations.
A lack of resources means that at times they are struggling or failing completely to fulfil their roles in some parts of the country. At the same time, resources continue to be allocated to tasks that are not or are no longer a priority, especially as they overlap with skills transferred to local authorities.
The government's decentralised departments have recently undergone major reforms in response to major geographical, socio-demographic, legal and institutional upheavals. These measures need to be pursued further, by clarifying their roles, adapting their territorial organisation and entrusting them with greater control over their human and financial resources.