On 30 April 2015, the Cour des comptes issued a public report devoted to the Institut de france and the five academies: remarkable assets, a lack of robust management. Between 2005 and 2013, the Cour des Comptes issued a public report on the management of the Institut de France, the Académie Française, the Académie des Sciences, the Académie des Beaux-Arts, the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres and the Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques, public institutions under the sole control of the Cour. Despite the progress made since the Cour's previous investigation, their operation remains highly unsatisfactory. The problems noted have been fostered by a lack of rigorous internal rules and the lack of clear legal statute and frame. Long-term, these institutions cannot remain on the sidelines of the efforts to control spending and to increase professionalism and transparency which are required of the public sector as a whole.