The organic and functional attachment of the Gendarmerie to the Ministry of the Interior was carried out by law no. 2009-971 of 3 August 2009. This was the culmination of a process initiated in 2002, when the Minister of the Interior became responsible for the use of force to serve domestic security, a process that preserved the military status of gendarmes. As such, the organisation of domestic security remains characterised by the existence of two forces, one civilian and the other military.
Eleven years after being attached to the Ministry of the Interior, the Gendarmerie has found its place and adapted, while retaining its specific characteristics. This attachment had a ripple effect and the two forces learned to work together more extensively. However, they can still make progress in their cooperation.