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September 2021
The MaPrimeRénov’ scheme is an initiative set up to help with the energy renovation
of homes. It operates in the form of subsidies paid to homeowners, on the basis of heating
or insulation work validated after agreement from the National Housing Agency (ANAH). It
is currently financed until 2022 to the tune of €2 billion as part of the recovery plan.
This aid programme seeks “
, encouraging the renovation of as many
homes as possible in order to achieve targets in terms of combating the effects of climate
change. Thus, it aims to renovate 500,000 homes each year and has therefore been open,
since 2021, to almost all homeowners eligible for help according to their income level.
In view of the objectives for mass housing renovation set out by MaPr
imeRénov’ and
the significant financial resources deployed as a result, the Court of Accounts decided, from
the outset of this new scheme, to highlight the ini
tial lessons learned through a “
flash audit
This accelerated procedure for analysing a new public aid measure makes it possible to
make observations useful for its continuation.
One of the strengths of this scheme is its ease of access. Applications are filed online,
by the homeowner or through an intermediary of his/her choice. The time limit for processing
the application is, in theory, less than 15 days and payment is made within 15 days of
completion of the work.
Since its implementation in spring 2020, the programme has generated 574,000
applications in just over a year, of which nearly 300,000 were accepted. These results show
genuine interest on the part of homeowners and businesses and attest to a successful start-
This is reflected in particular by an increase in public and private communication
media, which will have to be unified and supervised in order to guarantee objective
information for homeowners who are currently facing many challenges.
Unlike previous measures, in particular the “
Habiter mieux agilité
” programme,
MaPrimeRénov’ does not primarily aim to reduce the energy poverty o
f very poor
homeowners, but to support energy renovation more broadly.
Thus, MaPrimeRénov’ responds to simple and often
one-off work, such as the
replacement of heating systems or the insulation of windows, which does not encourage
the package of additional work that would often eliminate heat sieves (homes with F and G
. No minimum energy saving is required.
This is why an assessment of the effectiveness of MaPrimeRénov’ in the fight against
fuel poverty for the poorest households will be necessary in the short term, as well as an
evaluation of the environmental benefits of the programme, which should be carried out by
Heat sieves were assessed in 2020 at 4.8 million homes.
Main conclusions of the Audit:
The MaPrimeRénov’ scheme is wide
ly advertised, both publicly and privately. The
resulting increase in communication media will require unification in order to ensure a clear
and rigorous message for homeowners.
The MaPrimeRénov’ scheme meets the expectations of homeowners, judging by the
growing use of this incentive. At the same time, public energy renovation targets have been
revised upwards. The success of the scheme over time is therefore reliant on stable and
sustainable funding.
MaPrimeRénov’ is aimed at almost all homeowners, wit
h no minimum energy saving
required. The environmental and social benefits of the programme will need to be assessed
by 2023.
The Court makes the following recommendations:
Organise consistent communication with users on the MaPrimeRénov’
(Ministry for Housing).
Guarantee stable and sustainable funding for the scheme beyond 2022 (Ministry of
the Economy, Finance and Recovery; Ministry of Ecological Transition).
Before the end of 2021, evaluate the energy savings of MaPrimeRénov’ (M
inistry for
Housing; Ministry of Ecological Transition).
In 2023, assess the impact of MaPrimeRénov’ in the fight against fuel poverty in the
poorest households (Ministry for Housing; Ministry of Ecological Transition).